Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Cause and Effect and Correlation - Essay Example An article published by the John Hopkins University (2000) indicated that Ã¢â¬Å"predominantly black, low-income neighborhoods in Baltimore were eight times more likely to have carry-out liquor stores than white or racially integrated neighborhoodsÃ¢â¬ (John Hopkins University, 2000, p. 1). Bradtmiller cited Interim Chief of the IU Police Department Jerry Minger as stating that Ã¢â¬Å"There are so many factors that are involved in violence,Ã¢â¬ Minger said. Ã¢â¬Å"It could be something like a domestic problem or a hate crime and have not anything to do with alcoholÃ¢â¬ (Bradtmiller, 2010, p. 1). Again, one agrees that the abundance of liquor stores is a contributory factor to criminal activities. In higher crime areas, there are usually more police; does that mean that police cause crime? This statement is totally unfounded, unsubstantiated and does not indicate any correlation to criminal activities. The reason why police presence is needed is to specifically address the crimes committed in high crime areas. There could be a correlation that when there are high incidents of crime, there would necessarily be greater number of police to address the criminal activities in the area. To determine a reliable correlation between the number of liquor stores and the number of crimes in low income neighborhoods, what kind of experiment might you design? A correlation analysis between two variables (number of liquor stores and number of crimes) would determine a reliable correlation between the two. What kind of correlation number would make you feel fairly certain that there is a solid connection between larger numbers of liquor stores in low income neighborhoods and resulting crime? The correlation number Ã¢â¬ËrÃ¢â¬â¢ (Pearson r) would establish whether there is a solid connection between the two variables. As revealed in Knowledge Base (2006), Ã¢â¬Å"r will always be between -1.0 and +1.0. if the correlation is negative, we have a negative relationship; if its positive,
Friday, January 31, 2020
Gaining Power and Influence in the Workplace - Essay Example From this study it is clear thatÃ power is the aptitude to control people. Authority is the privilege to influence, control, and transform other people. To elucidate how the reporter gains power and influence in the work place, it is important to describe French and Raven model of power and influence. These two individuals postulated an all inclusive form of collective and shared authority. In doing so, they proposed and recommended various categories of authority. These categories include intimidation, incentive, valid, specialist, referent, as well as informational. People in positions of leadership can achieve power and influence through corporeal and oral intimidations. Power through intimidation can either be applied to a single entity or a group of people.This paper highlights thatÃ achieving power and influence through incentives is practiced in many organizations all over the world. Individuals who are involved in making decisions regarding incentives have all the power a nd influence in the workplace. Valid power and influence is achieved on the basis of how the individual in management position is expected to behave by the public. In referent power, people are known to respect and recognize the authority of individuals that they are capable of forming relationships or associations with. Informational power depends on the status of an individual as some individuals are considered to be more knowledgeable than others.
Thursday, January 23, 2020
Macbeth's Incredible Lady Ã Ã In William Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth there are two main characters, one of which is more believable than the other. Lady Macbeth is not as lifelike or realistic as her husband. In this essay we shall explore her character. In "Macbeth as the Imitation of an Action" Francis Fergusson specifies the fears within Lady Macbeth: Ã I do not need to remind you of the great scenes preceding the murder, in which Macbeth and his Lady pull themselves together for their desperate effort. If you think over these scenes, you will notice that the Macbeths understand the action which begins here as a competition and a stunt, against reason and against nature. Lady Macbeth fears her husband's human nature, as well as her own female nature, and therefore she fears the light of reason and the common dayllight world. As for Macbeth, he knows from the first that he is engaged in an irrational stunt: "I have no spur / To prick the sides of my intent, but only / Vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself / And falls on the other." In this sequence there is also the theme of outwitting or transcending time, an aspect of nature's order as we know it: catching up the consequences, jumping the life to come, and the like. (108) Clark and Wright in their Introduction to The Complete Works of William Shakespeare interpret the character of Lady Macbeth: Lady Macbeth is of a finer and more delicate nature. Having fixed her eye upon the end - the attainment for her husband of Duncan's crown - she accepts the inevitable means; she nerves herself for the terrible night's work by artificial stimulants; yet she cannot strike the sleeping king who resembles her father. Having sustained her weaker husband, her own strength gives way; and in sleep, when her will cannot control her thoughts, she is piteously afflicted by the memory of one stain of blood upon her little hand.Ã (792) In "Memoranda: Remarks on the Character of Lady Macbeth," Sarah Siddons comments on the Lady's cold manner: [Macbeth] announces the King's approach; and she, insensible it should seem to all the perils which he has encountered in battle, and to all the happiness of his safe return to her, -- for not one kind word of greeting or congratulations does she offer, -- is so entirely swallowed up by the horrible design, which has probably been suggested to her by his letters, as to have forgotten both the one and the other.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
The purpose of this essay is to select an incident which occurred during clinical placement and to discuss and reflect on it in order to improve future practice. To do this, the framework of the Marks-Moran and Rose Model of Reflection (1997) will be used. Utilizing the four stages of this model, I will describe the incident, give a reflective observation, discuss related theory and conclude with thoughts for any future actions. Any patient discussed will be given a pseudonym to ensure patient confidentiality as described by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NC) (2010).During a recent placement in an Endoscope day unit, I met Mrs. Smith who was attending to undergo a Gastropod. She had a history of acid reflux and had been referred for the procedure as an outpatient but had not attended her Pre-Admission Clinic appointment. Upon her arrival, myself and a staff nurse took baseline observations and spoke with the patient to ensure that she had fasted from midnight which was necessary for the procedure. On advising her on anesthesia, I informed her that she had two options. The first was a throat spray to numb the local area and she could leave almost immediately afterwards.The second was sedation and analgesia in the form of Fontanel and Modally which would be given through intravenous accumulation; however, she would have to remain with us for several hours post procedure. Mrs. Smith began to panic and became quite irate. She stated that she had been under the impression that she would be given a general anesthetic and would be asleep the entire time. I explained that the doctor required her to be awake for this procedure and that general anesthetic was not an option. Mrs. Smith then stated that she was withdrawing her consent and wished to leave.The staff nurse who had been observing me swiftly took over the conversation and tempted to calm down the patient. She advised me to escort Mrs. Smith to the private seating area that was reserved for consultations but not to offer her anything to drink; Just in case she changed her mind about the Gastropod going ahead. Once we were all in privacy, the nurse then sat down and asked Mrs. Smith why she was so scared. Mrs. Smith stated that she had heard of complications involved with Stereoscopes and she would rather not take the risk.The nurse explained that the risk of a serious incident was extremely rare and at worst, she may suffer from a sore throat and gastric bloating afterwards. Mrs. Smith was supplied with an information booklet and we allowed her some time to digest all of the information that she had been given and assured her that any questions she wanted to pose would be answered. Afterwards, she stated that she still did not want to undergo the procedure and that she wanted to go home. At this point, the nurse advised that she should return to her doctor and inform him that she had not undergone the test.Mrs. Smith was also advised that she could return at a later date if she so wish ed and then she left the clinic. During my explanation of the procedure, I felt capable enough to fully explain what it entailed. However, when Mrs. Smith began to panic, I lost some of my confidence as this was something that I had not faced before. Therefore, I felt unable to calm Mrs. Smith down as I was lacking experience in this scenario. I was pleased that the nurse accompanying me took over in an instant. I felt to notice this.As I listened to the nurse, I noted the optimism displayed by the nurse when she instructed me not to provide refreshments for the patient. When I later questioned her on this matter, she told me that she had been in the same position any times before. Mrs. Smith was competent enough to exercise her right to refuse treatment. This is the moral and ethical right of every patient so long as they are deemed to have the mental capacity to make such a choice (Griffith and Teenage 2012). A medical professional cannot force a patient to undergo a procedure aga inst their will.However, the practitioner must discuss all treatment options, relay the correct information and allow the patient time to come to an independent and informed decision (Ellen et al 2012). The term Ã¢â¬Å"Autonomy' underpins the patient's ethical and moral right to choose which path of treatment, if any, that they will follow. Glibber and Kingston (2012) state that the patients' autonomy is in the clinician's hands under duress of professionalism and nursing ethics, our advice and information is responsible for any decision reached.In this instance, Mrs. Smith was taken to a private seating area where a nurse calmly talked her through the procedure at length, answering any questions and also informed her of the statistical risks of a Gastropod which were her biggest concern. By doing this, the nurse wowed that she was empathic to the worries of the patient and also did her utmost to preserve patient confidentiality, as well as, providing a wealth of information precedi ng the refusal of treatment (Torrance et al 2012). It was obvious from the reaction of Mrs. Smith that she had anticipated treatment under a general anesthetic at her appointment.When reading through her notes previous to admission, I realized that she had not attended the pre-admission clinic. Had she attended this previous appointment, she would have been given all the information required for her proposed treatment. She would have been briefed fully on sedation, the basics of the procedure and many other factors consistent with treatment. Claritin et al (2009) describes pre-admission clinics as a necessity to provide the correct information and give patients the time to think and digest before presenting at hospital for a procedure.Evidence shows that pre-admission clinics have reduced the instances of failure to attend appointments and that patients are more involved in their care, which encourages a higher rate of recovery and reduces stress levels pre-operatively (Mitchell 200 8). Knox et al (2009) also suggested that the implementation if these clinics have substantially reduced the instances of refusal of treatment due to more accurate information being given in a comfortable setting at a more relaxed time. If Mrs. Smith had attended the pre-admission appointment, she would have been given all the information and been able to ask any questions that she wished.Thus she would have been aware that she would not be offered a general anesthetic and a deeper understanding of the procedure. Thus this may have resulted in assisting Mrs. Smith with regards to informed consent. The nurses working within the clinic were all very well versed in the procedures and welcomed any questions. As soon as Mrs. Smith began to worry, there was sufficient evidence on hand in the form of a patient information guide as well as a knowledgeable nurse. In a study conducted by Amtrak (201 1), patients were found to be more comfortable when in the presence of a knowledgeable nurse.P atients overall concluded that this group to benefit from this. Postural et al (2010) suggests that the experiences gained by nurses in specialized areas are beneficial to the learning curve of student urges and their knowledge is a valuable tool in the production of a more advanced health care system. In the case of Mrs. Smith, the nurse highly educated in this area and was able to sufficiently assist the patient in making a fully informed choice without being devoid of any facts. Moser et al (2007) describes this approach as Ã¢â¬Å"a highly effective way of achieving patient autonomy'.In this scenario, the nurse was catering to Mrs. Smith's first and foremost care requirements. During my reflective observations of this experience in my training, I have realized that there is nothing rater than knowledge and experience to assist patients with many aspects of their care. In the case of Mrs. Smith, the manner in which her questions were answered was tactful and informative. However, the patients' right to choose was evidently the main priority. Mrs. Smith was never coerced, all information required was on hand and supplied without delay.The nurse ensured that she was competent to refuse the treatment and advised on how to proceed following the refusal. An obvious effort to calm the patient was made and the privacy afforded by the private seating area dad a huge difference in allowing her to digest all information that she had been given. The nurse made a tactful decision by advising me not to offer refreshments in case of a decision to proceed, however, this did not occur. In hindsight, I have realized that I have a long and hard road to travel before I am capable of the level of care that I would like to give my patients.I can draw from this experience and I can see that having the correct information is a must while at the same time being aware of the patients' feelings and offering them an informed and involved choice in their care. I have also come to under stand the relevance and requirement for clinics such as pre-admission. These clinics are indispensable in reducing patient anxiety, ensuring that patients have all the correct information and fully understand their proposed procedure prior to presenting for treatment.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Throughout the novel The Other Wes Moore by Wes Moore, two individuals with the same name and hometown provide two different backstories that influenced their future. One became an international scholar and paratrooper while the other became a criminal who got locked up for his crimes. There are three key differences that account for how their lives diverged. Those differences are the influences their families had on them, their surroundings, and their life choices. Both of the Wes MooreÃ¢â¬â¢s had caring families who loved them, but only one family took action. At a young age, Wes Moore looked up to his father. He taught him right from wrong. But when Wes was only three years old, he passed away. This led his family to move to the Bronx, NewÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦When they were both teenagers, they did not have the best surroundings. Wes Moore eventually let the conditions around him influence his actions. He began to have academic and disciplinary issues at his new school in the Bronx. This leads to him going on academic probation. Once his dean called his mom, listing all of the things he has done, she knew it was the last straw. She decided to send him to military school, which changed his future. He meant lots of new people that will soon become his best friends and role models. He also met Colonel Bratt, who taught him the true meaning of honor and courage. The other Wes Moore also started off in a terrifying environment, but he never got away from it. His bad behavior first started when he was a child. He grew to be taller than most of the kids in his grade, which made him think he was superior. He also got advice from his older brother, Tony, on how to be tough. One day this all backfired on him, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬Ë Put down the knife.Ã¢â¬â¢ Wes didnÃ¢â¬â¢t hear him. Wes continued to move towards the boy. His grip on the knife handle tightened. His forearms flexed. Send a messageÃ¢â¬ (Moore 34). He believed that he needed to be like his brother, dangerous and fearless, in order to succeed. Tony wanted his younger brother to do his best and go down the right path, but he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop him. Wes, soon, followed his brother to pursue a life of crime. They would sell drugs and beat people up. Wes had soShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Other Wes Moore1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmisfortunes and injustices. The Other Wes Moore perfectly exemplifies these exact afflictions that a multitude of people face i n the United States, partially due to ethnicity or cultural background. The instances of poverty, economic injustice, drugs, and family influence in The Other Wes Moore contribute to significant findings in socioeconomic structure that relate to considerable matters in the present day. An in-depth analysis on the story of both Wes and Moore in the eyes of a student of NationalRead MoreThe Other Wes Moore Analysis1088 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages In the memoir, The Other Wes Moore, Wes Moore, Moore unfolds several events that happened in his own life, along with another man named Wes Moore. The two men were both born in Baltimore, and faced similar obstacles because of the circumstances they were raised in. With the use of flashbacks, imagery, description, and other literary devices, Moore explains the life of him as a person who grows up to achieve what he wants, while the other Wes Moore spends most of his life in prison as he came toRead MoreAnalysis on The Other Wes Moore701 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages The Other Wes Moore The Other Wes Moore is a book about two children with similar lifestyles when they were growing up and the same names, but ending up in different places in their lives. The story is about the other Wes Moore, who was convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to life imprisonment and Wes Moore, the author, who faces poverty and has an ambition of receiving proper education (Moore, 2012). Wes Moore grew up in poor conditions, where he and his small family barely made endsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Other Wes Moore 863 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesour Kids When We Should Be Fixing the System, proposes another view. Also, Home Life is a third factor that impacts a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s success. I believe all three of these are integral to a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s accomplishments. DweckÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËThe Growth MindsetÃ¢â¬â¢ postulates that if a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s intelligence is something that can be improved thru hard work and being challenged, he (she) will only get smarter. And too, she proposes adopting new strategies to learning if effort and challenges fail to work. In Wes MooreÃ¢â¬â¢s bookRead MoreAnalysis Of The Other Wes Moore1371 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesaffects their future. The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore, is a narrative that tells the story of two males, who share the same name but take two different paths in life. The two Moores experience similar situations, however surround themselves with different types of people, resulting in different paths. One Moore is successful while the other is incarcerated, proving an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s environment influences ones future. Ultimately, after analyzing Wes MooreÃ¢â¬â¢s novel and Terry PratchetsRead MoreThe Other Wes Moore Analysis805 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesin life. In The Other Wes Moore, there are two men with the same name who turn out very differently; today, one is an accomplished scholar and decorated veteran, while the other is a convicted murderer serving a life sentence in prison. But they grew up in very similar circumstances; both grew up fatherless in heavily drug influenced neighborhoods and often ran into trouble with the police. In the search of finding what led him and the other man down such different paths, Wes Moore finds and showsRead MoreThe Other Wes Moore Analysis716 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"The Other Wes Moore,Ã¢â¬ is a novel written by Wes Moore, who found another man with the same name. However, they were definitely not the same person. The other man was raised in Baltimore, Maryland by a single-mother addicted to marijuana. In his adulthood, he was arrested and sentenced to life in prison without parole for robbing a jewelry store and being involved in the murder of a policeman. Throughout the story, the author visits and s ends letters to the man in prison. He gathers information aboutRead MoreThe Other Wes Moore Analysis720 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn Ã¢â¬Å"The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates,Ã¢â¬ by Wes Moore, two boys are living in the same city, with the same name, and are in similar situations. The author of the book turns into a Rhodes Scholar recipient while the other Wes Moore is now serving a life sentence in prison. With similar backgrounds what decisions created the difference between the two boys? A major decision was made by WesÃ¢â¬â¢s mother when she chose to move them out of Maryland and up to New York, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ Three weeks later, Nikki, ShaniRead MoreThe Other Wes Moore Analysis1003 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthere for you and who isnt? In the book The Other Wes Moore each Wes MooreÃ¢â¬â¢s mother affected both WesÃ¢â¬â¢ lives by trying to be role models and not making poor life decisions by teaching them the value of education, not turning to crime and drugs, and making la rge sacrifices. Both mothers had a huge part to play in the book in all spectrums trying to leave them on the right path through life and turn to wrong of the world. Think about how both of WesÃ¢â¬â¢ moms try to push the value of education. TheRead MoreThe Other Wes Moore Analysis999 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto Wes Moore, Ã¢â¬Å"At each stage of [the boysÃ¢â¬â¢] young lives they had come across similar moments of decision, yet their choices would lead them to astonishingly different destiniesÃ¢â¬ (1). Two young African- American kids lived in the same decaying city and shared the same name: Wes Moore. While one Wes Moore was sentenced to life in prison, the author Wes Moore became a Rhodes Scholar and a best-selling author. Similarities and differences pertaining to life choices and role models of both Moores were
Monday, December 30, 2019
Mark ZuckerbergÃ was aÃ Harvard computer science studentÃ when he, along with classmates Eduardo Saverin,Ã Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris HughesÃ invented Facebook.Ã Amazingly, the idea for the website, now the worlds most popular social networking page, was inspired by a botchedÃ effort to get Internet users to rate one anothers photos.Ã Hot or Not?: The Origin of Facebook In 2003,Ã Zuckerberg, a second-year student at Harvard,Ã wrote the software for a website calledÃ Facemash. He put his computer science skills to questionable use by hacking into Harvards security network, where he copied the student ID images used by the dormitories and used them to populate his new website. Website visitors could use Zuckerbergs site to compare two student photos side-by-side and determine who was hot and who was not.Ã Facemash opened on October 28, 2003Ã¢â¬âand closed a few days later, after it was shut down by Harvard execs. In the aftermath, Zuckerberg faced serious charges of breach of security, violating copyrights, and violating individual privacy. Though he faced expulsion from Harvard for his actions, all charges against him were eventually dropped. TheFacebook: An App for Harvard Students On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg launched a new website called TheFacebook. HeÃ named the site afterÃ the directories that were handed out to university students to help them to get to know one another better. Six days later, he got into trouble again when Harvard seniors Cameron Winklevoss, Tyler Winklevoss, and Divya Narendra accused him of stealing their ideas for an intended social networking website called HarvardConnection. The claimants later filed a lawsuit against Zuckerberg, however, the matter was eventually settled out of court. Membership to the website was at first restricted to HarvardÃ students. Over time, Zuckerberg enlisted a few of his fellow students to help grow the website. Eduardo Saverin, for example, worked on the business end while Dustin Moskovitz was brought on as a programmer. Andrew McCollum served as the sites graphic artist and Chris Hughes became the de facto spokesperson. Together the team expanded the site to additional universities and colleges. Facebook: The Worlds Most Popular Social Network In 2004, Napster founder andÃ angel investorÃ Sean Parker became the companys president. The company changed the sites name from TheFacebook to just Facebook after purchasing the domain name facebook.com in 2005 for $200,000. The following year, venture capital firm Accel PartnersÃ invested $12.7 million in the company, which enabled the creation of a version of the network for high school students. Facebook would later expand to other networks, such as employees of companies. InÃ September ofÃ 2006, Facebook announced that anyone who was atÃ least 13 years old and had a valid email address could join.Ã By 2009, it had become the worldsÃ most used social networking service, according to a report by the analytics site Compete.com. While Zuckerbergs antics and the sites profits eventually led to him becomingÃ the worlds youngest multi-billionaire, hes done his part to spread the wealth around. Hes donated $100 million dollars to the Newark, New Jersey public school system, which has long been underfunded. In 2010, he signed a pledge, along with other wealthy businessmen, to donate at least half of his wealth to charity.Ã Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan, haveÃ donated $25 million toward fighting the Ebola virus and announced that they wouldÃ contribute 99% of their Facebook shares to theÃ Chan Zuckerberg InitiativeÃ to improve lives through education, health, scientific research, and energy.
Saturday, December 21, 2019